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澳大利亚全科医学人群中痛风患病率和医疗质量的一项观察性研究

作者:陈亚云 编译 来源:医学论坛网 日期:2015-10-26
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         An Observational Study of Gout Prevalence and Quality of Care in a National Australian General Practice Population Philip C. Robinson,William J. TaylorandNicola Dalbeth Abstract Objective.The centr

An Observational Study of Gout Prevalence and Quality of Care in a National Australian General Practice Population

Philip C. RobinsonWilliam J. Taylor and Nicola Dalbeth

Abstract

Objective. The central strategy for effective gout management is longterm urate-lowering therapy to maintain the serum urate at a level below 0.36 mmol/l. We sought to determine the prevalence of gout and the quality of care in a national Australian general practice population.

Methods. Data were from general practice point-of-care electronic records over a 5-year period (n = 1,479,449). Information was collected on patients with gout according to a validated definition. All patients who visited the same general practices over the study period formed the denominator group. We determined the estimated prevalence of gout, the frequency of allopurinol prescription, and serum urate testing, and the percentage of patients achieving a target serum urate level.

Results. The crude prevalence of gout in this general practice population was 1.54% (95% CI 1.52–1.56). Prevalence in men was 2.67% and in women 0.53%. Prevalence increased with age in both men and women (4.90%, 95% CI 4.82–4.99, in men > 65 yrs). Allopurinol was prescribed to 57% of patients with gout during the 5 years of the study. Only 55% of patients with gout had their serum urate tested at any time during the 5-year study period. A target serum urate concentration of < 0.36 mmol/l at any time during the 5-year study period was documented in 22.4% of all people with gout.

Conclusion. Gout is managed poorly in Australian primary care, with low levels of allopurinol prescribing and serum urate testing. Collectively, these factors probably contribute to low achievement of serum urate targets.

The Journal of Rheumatology vol. 42no. 9 1702-1707

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